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阿仁鉱山 (Ani Kōzan)

阿仁鉱山(あにこうざん)は秋田県北秋田市にあった鉱山。正確には小沢鉱山、萱草鉱山、真木沢鉱山、一の又鉱山、二の又鉱山、三枚鉱山の6つの鉱山があり、これらを総称し阿仁鉱山とされる。また阿仁向山鉱山を加える場合もある。 金、銀、銅が採掘され、とくに銀鉱、銅鉱の産出が多かった。 江戸時代前期の寛文年間(1661年-1672年)に開坑されたと言われる。1716年(享保元年)には産銅日本一となり、長崎輸出銅の主要部分を占めた。御用鉱山から久保田藩(秋田藩)の藩営となり、明治初年に官営鉱山となったのち、1885年(明治18年)に古河市兵衛に払い下げられ古河阿仁鉱山の経営となる。 世界恐慌により一時休山となるも、1933年再開。1978年(昭和53年)閉山。 多くの遺構が残るが、とりわけ小沢鉱山には巨大な選鉱所跡がある。また、1879年に来日したアドルフ・メッケルらドイツ技師らの官舎として建てられた異人館という西洋風建物が、国の重要文化財に指定され保存されている。 地図は阿仁小沢鉱山。

Aki mine

Ani mine was a mine in Kitaakita-shi, Akita prefecture. To be exact, there are six mines of Ozawa mine, Kayakusa mine, Makisawa mine, one mine, two mines, two mines and Mt. Mine mine, which are collectively referred to as the Akin mine. There is also a case to add Mt. Mt. Mukaiyama mine. Gold, silver and copper were mined, especially silver and copper ore. It is said that it was opened in Hirokuma during the early Edo period (1661 - 1672). In 1716 (first year of Kyoho), it became Japan's largest copper production brand, accounting for the major part of copper exported by Nagasaki. It became a clan of the Kubota clan (Akita clan) from a mine mine, became a government mine in the beginning of the Meiji era, it was paid to Furukawa-shi Keihi in 1885 (Meiji 18) and it is management of the Furukawa Asi mine. It will be temporarily closed due to the Great Depression, but resumed in 1933. Closed mountain in 1978 (Showa 53). Many remains remain, but there is a huge trace of the mining department, especially at the Ozawa mine. In addition, a Western-style building called a foreigner building built as a government office of German engineers including Adolf Meckel who came to Japan in 1879 has been designated and preserved as an important cultural property of the country. The map is the Anji Ozawa mine.

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