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宇都宮陸軍飛行場 (Utsunomiya Rikugun Hikōjō)

宇都宮陸軍飛行場は栃木県宇都宮市にあった旧軍施設。地元では「清原飛行場」「鐺山飛行場」等と呼ばれており、現在の清原工業団地付近に位置する。 1939(昭和14)年に陸軍が清原村の土地約320haを買収、翌1940(昭和15)年に宇都宮陸軍飛行学校を発足させ、1941(昭和16)年9月に完成した。滑走路、兵舎、陸軍航空廠を併設していた。 その後の戦局の悪化で動員された東京工業大学の学生により掩体壕が建造され、うち2基が栃木県立農業大学校の敷地内に現存している(採草場および植林場)。間口が28.1m、奥行22.6mの大型機用掩体壕。宇都宮飛行場には四式戦「疾風」と百式重爆撃機「呑龍」が配備されていたという。そのそばには貯水槽などの遺構も埋もれているらしい。 飛行場跡西側の住宅地内には倉庫跡のコンクリート建築が残る他、飛行学校の教室だったという木造建物が個人所有地にある。また清原工業団地南側の林の中には高射砲跡があるという。

Utsunomiya Army Airfield

Utsunomiya Army Airfield was an old military facility located in Utsunomiya City, Tochigi Prefecture. Locally, it is called "Kiyohara airfield" "Yuyama airfield" etc. It is located near the present Kiyohara industrial park. In 1939, the Army bought about 320 hectares of land in Kiyohara village, the next day in 1940, the Utsunomiya Army Flight School was established and completed in September 1941 (Showa 16). There were runways, barracks and Army Air Factory. The students of Tokyo Institute of Technology, mobilized by the worsening of the warring battle afterwards, have created bamboo shells, two of which are present in the premises of Tochigi Prefectural Agricultural University (grassland and plantations). Big cover for large machines with an entrance of 28.1 m and a depth of 22.6 m. It was said that the Utsunomiya airfield had four types of gusts "gale" and 100 heavy bomber "Dragon" deployed. It seems that the remains such as a reservoir are also buried nearby. In the residential area on the western side of the airfield there are concrete buildings of the warehouse remains, as well as wooden buildings that are classrooms of flight schools are located in private possession. There is also a gun shot in the forest in the southern part of the Kihara industrial park.

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