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宝鉱山 (Takara Kōzan)

宝鉱山は山梨県都留市にあった鉱山。都留鉱山とも呼ばれる。黄鉄鉱・銅・鉛・亜鉛が採掘された。 明治5年に鉱塊を発見、明治23年から採掘が開始され、明治31年には製錬も行う本格的な鉱山となった。明治36年に三菱合資会社(のちの三菱金属鉱業)に譲渡され、日清・日露戦争を背景にした重工業化の波に乗って発展。一時は年産270トンの銅を算出したが、明治42年に精練は終了し採掘のみとなり、鉱石は空中索道(ロープウェー)によって笹子駅に搬出された。 昭和になると硫化鉄鉱の採掘が主となり、太平洋戦争開戦前には重要鉱山として指定された。 戦後も操業を続けたが採掘量の減少により採算が悪化。昭和45年に閉山となった。 精錬所などの建物は全て解体され野外教育施設となっているが、鉱山跡にはあちこちに坑口が残っている。 本社ヶ丸と鶴ヶ鳥屋山を結ぶ尾根上に鉱山と笹子駅を繋いだかつての索道の名残である倒壊した櫓と滑車が残っている。 ここは縦走路と笹子駅方面へ向かう登山道の分岐の目印にもなっており、登山地図にも「ヤグラ」と名称がついている。

Treasure mine

Bao Mine was a mine in Yamanashi Prefecture Tsuru City. It is also called Toryi mine. Pyrite, copper, lead and zinc were mined. Mine found in Meiji 5, mining began in 1898, and in the Meiji 31 ​​year it was a full-scale mine to smelter. It was transferred to Mitsubishi Joint Stock Company (later Mitsubishi Metal Mining Co., Ltd.) in Meiji 36, developed on the wave of heavy industrialization against the backdrop of the Nisshin-Russo-Japanese War. At one point I calculated copper of 270 tons a year, but in 1968 the scouring was completed and mining was the only one, and the ore was taken out to Sasago Station by aerial cableway (ropeway). In the Showa era, mining of iron sesquioxide ore was the main and was designated as an important mine before the opening of the Pacific War. Although it continued operation even after the war, profitability deteriorated due to a decrease in the amount of mining. It became a closed mountain in 1964. All refineries and other buildings are dismantled and become outdoor educational facilities, but there are still wellheads in the mine traces. A collapsed oar and pulley remain, which is a remnant of the former cableway connecting the mine and Sasako station on the ridge connecting the head office building with Tsuruga Boya. It also marks the branch of the mountain path leading to the Sasaki station towards the longitudinal track and the name of the mountain map "Yagura".

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