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朝日軍道 (Asahi Gun Dō)

朝日軍道(あさひぐんどう)は、かつて、置賜地方と庄内地方を結んでいた山岳道路。上杉景勝の家臣、直江兼続によって開削され、飛地となっていた上杉氏の所領を連絡する目的で使われた。 この軍道が歴史の表舞台に登場したのは、関ヶ原の戦いと同時に起こった慶長出羽合戦の時である。この時、上杉方の酒田城主志田修理義秀は、六十里越街道を越えて、最上方の白岩城(現寒河江市白岩)を攻略していたが、関ヶ原の戦いにおける東軍勝利の報に接し、直江兼続を総大将とする上杉軍は、撤退戦の末、米沢城に帰還した。 その際、志田軍には、帰還命令が遅れたため、最上領内に取り残されることとなってしまった。そこで、志田軍は大井沢(現西川町大井沢)から大朝日岳まで戻り、11月のすでに冠雪した朝日軍道を通って、酒田城まで帰還することに成功した。これが表舞台に登場した朝日軍道である。 その後、庄内地方は最上軍に攻められ、ついには酒田城を攻め落とされる。そして関ヶ原の戦いの仕置きにより、上杉景勝は所領を大幅に減らされ、米沢30万石のみとなってしまった。これにより、置賜地方と庄内地方を連絡する朝日軍道の必要性はなくなり、あっという間に廃道となってしまった。

Asahi Military Road

Asahi Military Road (Asahigon-san) was a mountain road that used to connect Shikono district and Nikko region once. It was used by Kamikatsu Uesugi, a vassal of Kamikatsu Uesugi, for the purpose of informing Mr. Uesugi 's work which was cut by Naoe Kaneto and was a flying ground. This military path appeared in the history stage of the history is the time of the battle of Keicho Araun, which occurred at the same time as the battle of Sekigahara. At this time, Yoshihide Shigata of the Uesugi side traversed the Shiroiwa Castle (currently Sagae city Shiraiwa) at the top, crossing the Six Sangri Expressway, but in the report of the Touhou victory at the Sekigahara battle Together, the Uesugi army, with Naoe Kaneto as the general captain, returned to Yonezawa castle at the end of the withdrawal battle. At that time, the order to the Shida was delayed due to the return order, so it was to be left behind in the top territory. Therefore, Shida Army returned from Oisawa (current Nishikawa cho Oizaru) to Mt. Asahida, succeeded in returning to Sakata Castle through November's already crowded Asahi Military Road. This is the Asahi Military Road that appeared on the front stage. After that, the Shonai district was attacked by the top army, and finally it was attacked by Sakata castle. And due to the battle of Sekigahara 's battle, Uesugi Scenario has been drastically reduced its affairs, only Yonezawa 300 thousand stones. As a result, the necessity of Asahi Military Road to communicate Shikuni district and Shonai district has disappeared, and it became an abolished road in a blink of an eye in a blink of an eye.

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